For those interested in studying the ocean and its surroundings, the field of oceanography is the best career option. Want to learn more about employment opportunities, advancement potential, and compensation in the oceanographic field? Learn more about becoming an oceanographer.
Oceanography: What is it?
The study of ocean currents, waves, the geology of the ocean floor, and the physical characteristics of the ocean and its boundaries falls under the umbrella of oceanography, also known as oceanology. It is the study of everything related to the ocean. Oceanography is the “study of the oceans,” in a nutshell.
The study of the ocean is divided into four branches: geological oceanography (marine geology), biological oceanography (marine biology), chemical oceanography (marine chemistry), and physical oceanography (marine physics). Scientists who study the ocean are known as oceanographers. Oceanographers work in the fields of mining, shipping, fisheries, coastal development, weather forecasting, and climate change.
Our world has a need to learn about the many oceans, which is why there is a growing need for oceanographers. Oceanographers investigate ocean waters and how they affect weather, marine life, and other factors. Oceanographers may operate in a variety of sectors, including the oil business and conservation.
Depending on experience in this area of study, job responsibilities change. An eligible oceanographer must begin by earning a bachelor’s degree and the necessary work experience. Jobs are needed due to the need to manage water resources and safeguard the environment.
Courses and eligibility
Several Indian colleges and universities offer postgraduate studies in this area. Most oceanographers have master’s and doctoral degrees in the subject. In its simplest form, oceanography is an area of research. Below is a list of the best courses available in this area:
Master of Science in Oceanography (M.Sc.)
Master of Science in Marine Biology
Master of Technology in Ocean Engineering
M.Tech in Ocean Technology
Master of Philosophy in Marine Biology
PhD in Oceanography and M.Phil. in Chemical Oceanography
Applicants with a B.Sc. in Zoology/Botany/Chemistry/Fisheries Sciences/Earth Sciences/Physics/Agriculture/Microbiology/Applied Sciences or a related discipline are eligible to obtain an M.Sc. in oceanography.
B. A Bachelor’s Degree or equivalent/AMIE (Associate Member of Institution of Engineering) in Civil Engineering/Environmental Science with a 60% score is required for admission to the M.Tech program. People with an M.Sc. in the related discipline are also qualified.
For PhD programmes: You need a postgraduate degree in a relevant discipline to earn a PhD. or M.Phil in oceanography.
Most of the universities and institutions provide entrance exams for admission. Applicants are required to take the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering if they wish to obtain an M.Tech. in oceanography. Many institutions conduct their own entrance exams to select students for their doctorate. program.
Below is a list of universities that offer oceanographic courses
Department of Physical Oceanography: Cochin University of Science and Technology
Anna University, Institute for Ocean Management, Chennai
National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
Annamalai University, Center for Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Tamil Nadu
Berhampur University, Berhampur, Orissa
The job of an oceanographer typically focuses on research. In the ocean, they conduct surveys, collect samples, and perform data analysis. For those who work as professionals in this industry, there are numerous job options.
Oceanographers can find employment in both the public and private sectors. Professionals in this industry can join as scientists, engineers or technicians depending on their skills and knowledge. Also, one can get employment in government agencies like Department of Oceanography, Geological Survey of India, Indian Meteorological Service etc.
You can work as a scientist, engineer, or technician after earning your full degree in the public, private, and government sectors. Candidates can access career prospects in Oil India as well as in the public sector. Applicants can get jobs in the government sector at places like the Department of Oceanography, the Indian Meteorological Service, and the Indian Geological Survey, among others.
There are numerous colleges and research centers where you can conduct research studies. It also offers a variety of research job opportunities. At most reputed institutions and universities, candidates can choose to become professors.
Strong math and science skills.
You must be familiar with the various oceans in various regions.
Excellent problem solving and practical abilities.
You must have research skills to learn about all the properties of the specific ocean.
Good observation skills are required.
You must possess strong interpersonal skills in addition to a thorough understanding of computer software, including digital mapping, remote sensing, and computer modelling.
It is necessary to have solid knowledge of the aquatic environment.
When it comes to publishing specific findings, written communication skills are absolutely essential.
Those with a master’s or doctorate in oceanography can potentially pursue a career in teaching.
Oceanographers have the option to relocate abroad. They will get a well-paid position in the UK.
Job Responsibilities of an Oceanographer
research, plan and coordinate ocean operations
to collect information for upcoming records.
Test the theory and improve it further.
Write documents and reports based on your results.
Make decisions about the ecosystems and resources of the coast and the sea.
An oceanographer might be called
the marine chemist
a marine physicist
How much does an oceanographer earn?
The starting monthly compensation for an oceanographer in India is between Rs 20,000-30,000. His salary will depend on his experience and area of expertise. Oceanographers can find attractive pay packages in other nations such as the US, UK and France. In another country, they are paid between $50,000 and $80,000 annually.