/floriculture in India; Scope, Career Opportunities and Skills

floriculture in India; Scope, Career Opportunities and Skills

Flower growers are those who work in the field of floriculture. Florists are people who grow plants that produce beautiful flowers. They specialize in the cultivation of decorative plants for gardens, the floral business and export. In addition, they promote plant breeding of new types. They also collect wildflowers and produce commercial flowers, flower seeds, foliage and essential oil crops, as well as plant products.

Floriculture in India


The floral business has always been a key component of the economy, and in recent decades, the growth of this industry has been exponential and, as a result, employment prospects in the floriculture sector have broadened. Not only is there room for progress in this area, but the profits are increasing by leaps and bounds for people doing private business in this sector.

The area of ​​employment is quite wide because professionals in this field work both with current resources and exploring previously unexplored and suitable possibilities. Because the flower industry imports and exports, flower growers can expand their businesses in other parts of the country, as well as abroad.

Numerous aromatic flowers, such as rose and jasmine, can be easily produced, allowing extraction operations to be developed to meet the growing demand of the soap and skin care commercial sectors. A florist can pursue a career in a variety of settings, including museums, national gardens, research institutions, and universities.

Necessary skills required in floriculture

  • You must be well versed in demography, geography, climatic conditions and other aspects of the production and marketing of flowering plants.
  • Working in any weather condition
  • Must be able to adapt and adjust to any routine setting due to variety of schedules and routines.
  • Researching and developing new types or species of flowers requires ingenuity and innovation.
  • Willingness to collaborate in a group with people who come from different backgrounds.

Career Opportunities in Floriculture

soil testers

Soil testers are experts who collect, test, and evaluate soil samples. They can collaborate with farmers, growers, landscape architects or homeowners to improve the composition of their soil so that healthier plants can be grown. Soil testers can also teach people about soil restoration practices, which add nutrients to garden beds and pastures. On major projects, they may work with other scientists, technologists, or farmers to recommend the optimal areas of land for growing plants.

Procurement Specialist

A procurement specialist would work in a garden center, greenhouse, or retail store, advising customers on which flowers and plants to buy. They conduct price and market trend research and cost analysis, and decide how to effectively use their budget to obtain new products.

Floriculture in India

Procurement professionals work hard to develop good connections with suppliers so they can efficiently negotiate contracts. They also keep track of inventories, keep records, handle orders, and accept invoices.

Retail Florists

Direct sales to individual customers represent a sizeable portion of the market. Full service (all services), limited service (focused on a specialized service, such as a hospital), hub (collection and transport of cut flowers) and specialized stores focused on one area, such as weddings).


The gardeners are in charge of maintaining the exterior gardens. They can be used by landscaping companies, municipalities, parks, corporations or private homes. Planting seasonal flowers and ornamental plants, maintaining garden beds, administering pesticides and fertilizers, trimming shrubs and trees, and mowing the lawn are some of his main job activities. Gardeners can also help set up seasonal decorations and displays, depending on where they operate.

floral designer

Floral design careers include flower arranging, window display designing, and wedding and party event planning. Some companies keep floral designers on staff, while others hire freelancers. Designing dish gardens and arranging cut flowers for hospital patients and funeral homes is a specialty of sympathy designers.


Researchers collaborate with plant breeding groups to help them overcome obstacles and increase crop yields. They can advise on various growing and harvesting methods, fertilizers or insecticides. Researchers can also work with scientists to create new varieties of flowers and botanicals. These plants often have a higher tolerance to various consumers and are more resistant to typical diseases. Researchers can also publish their findings in journals and work directly with growers to illustrate them.


Agronomists are people who research and care for crops, including flowers. They meticulously test plants for their ability to resist disease and adapt to varied environments. They then apply these findings to find new strategies to improve plant quality and growth.

Agronomists may also investigate soils, fertilizers, and water sources to establish sustainable farming practices. They often conduct their research in a laboratory setting, but may also consult with farmers, growers, and greenhouse managers.

flower production managers

Responsible for floral production, plan and coordinate the production of flowers and plants in a nursery, greenhouse or garden center. These experts use their floriculture and horticulture skills to assess which plants would thrive in a specific location. Other responsibilities often include inventory assessment, sales, and floral staff management.